ESSP Related Research

STEM Education

Plate Tectonics

  • Dodick, J.T., and Orion, N. (2006). Building an Understanding of Geological Time: A Cognitive Synthesis of the “Macro” and “Micro” Scales of Time. In Manduca, C.A. and Mogk, D.W., Eds., Earth and Mind: How Geologists Think and Learn about the Earth, Geological Society of America, Special Paper 413, p. 77-93.
  • Friedman, W. J. (2005). Developmental and cognitive perspectives on human’s sense of the times of past and future events. Learning and Motivation 36, 145-158. [ Download ]
  • Libarkin, J. C., Kurdziel, J. P., & Anderson, S. W. (2006). College student conceptions of geological time and the disconnect between ordering and scale. Journal of Geoscience Education 55 (5), 413-422.
  • Pons, F. and Montangero, J. (1999). Is Diachronic Thought a Specific Reasoning Ability? Swiss Journal of Psychology 58 (3), 191-200.
  • Semken, S. et al. (2009). Timeline and Time Scale Cognition Experiments for a Geological Interpretative Exhibit at Grand Canyon. Proceedings of the NARST 2009 Annual Meeting, April 17-21, 2009, Garden Grove, CA.
  • Thomas, R. C. (2001). Learning Geologic Time in the Field. Journal of Geoscience Education, 49 (1), 18-21.
  • Trend, R. D. (2001). Deep Time Framework: a preliminary study of UK primary teachers’ conceptions of geological time and perceptions of geoscience. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 38, 191-221.